What are its benefits?
An herb long used in traditional medicines and in Indian cuisine, fenugreek is the subject of modern research. The results of human studies suggest that consuming fenugreek improves elevated blood glucose and lipid levels associated with diabetes and obesity.
In addition, a 2020 study found that fenugreek had a beneficial impact on the gut microbiome of mice that were on a high fat diet. While improving the metabolism of the mice (measured by lower cholesterol and lower blood sugar), the population and diversity of the gut bacteria were also improved.
Results of another study indicate that the extract of fenugreek seeds contains antioxidants and protects cellular structures from oxidative damage.
Nutritionally, fenugreek seeds contain a good amount of fiber and minerals, including iron, manganese, and magnesium.
What is it?
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) is an annual herb with yellow flowers and seed-containing pods. The hard, yellow-brown mature seeds possess an unusual aromatic odor and are used in curry recipes, chutney, spice blends, and some vegetable soups. They have a slightly sweet, nutty taste.
Fenugreek seeds are composed primarily of carbohydrates (mainly mucilaginous fibers in the cell walls), proteins, and lipids. Other important components include alkaloids, free amino acids, saponins, and glycosides.
- Fenugreek: Overview of Potential Health Benefits
- Fenugreek Counters the Effects of High Fat Diet on Gut Microbiota in Mice: Links to Metabolic Benefit
- Fenugreek: An Herb with Impressive Health Benefits
- In vitro studies on antiradical and antioxidant activities of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) seeds